Jakarta Map

Jakarta

Jakarta has been called a study in contrasts since it became the capital city of Indonesia. Lots of contrasts exist in the city: old and new, traditional and modern, rich and poor stand side by side. Over 10 million people live and struggle, they come from all over Indonesia to seek for a thing: a better life. Some of them have succeeded and the rest have not, but they still strive more and more. They also represent “Unity in Diversity” motto and have multi-cultural styles. The indigenous people called “Betawi people” having two various Betawi Malay language, conventional Betawi Malay form spoken by elder people and slang Betawi Malay form spoken by younger generation and migrants.

Jakarta has been a main entrance for visitors and home to a dynamic contrast between western style skyscrapers, modern urban life style and traditional Indonesian culture. Its rapid growth into a Metropolitan city shows the economic, politic, social, and industrial development of the country. Recently, Jakarta has widely expanded its international facilities to ease the visitors enjoying life and attractions in the city. As the premier entrance to Indonesia, Jakarta has its official site to visit.

Geography

Area ; 664 sq. km (including the Pulau Seribu group of islands). Capital : Jakarta. Borders : Java Sea on the north, District of Bogor on the south, District of Tangerang on the west and District of Bekasi on the east, all three districts belonging to the Province of West Java. Situated between 105º49’35″ east longitude and 06º10’37″ south latitude. Rivers : Ciliwung, Malang, Agke, Cideng, Sunter, Kamal, Sodong, Krukut, Sentiong, Buaran and Pasanggrahan. Humidity : 73%. Rainfall 2,000 mm an average during the whole year.

Flora & Fauna

Flora : The sawo kecik fruit, jack fruit and the cempedak jack fruit.

Fauna : Cows, buffaloes, goats, pigs, chicken, and ducks.

Population

9,720,400 (2000). Density : 16.372 persons per sq. km (2000).

Religious Followers

Moslems (85.50%), Protestants (5.20%), Roman Catholics (4.77%), Hindus (0.97%), Buddhists (3.56%).

Primary Products

Agriculture – Food Crops: Rice, corn, cassava, peanut, vegetables and fruits. Livestock : Cows, buffaloes, goats, pigs, sheep, chickens and ducks. Fishery – Fish Products : Sea and Fresh water fishes. Industry : There are more than 27,089 units of industry.

Places of Interests

“Jaya Ancol” Recreation Park, ” Taman Mini” Beautiful Indonesia in Miniature Park, Ragunan Zoo, Cipete and Senayan orchid gardens, Old Harbor of Sunda Kelapa, National Reawakening Building, Youth Pledge Building, Independence Proclamation Building, National Monument, Soekarno-Hatta Monument, Inviolable Pancasila Monument, Taman Ismail Marzuki Art Center, National Museum or Museum Gajah, Satria Mandala Museum, Ceramic Museum, Textile Museum, Puppet Museum and Stamp Museum and several religious monuments. Hotel Facilities : 225 hotel (1994) consisting of star-rated and non-star.

Jakarta’s History

Jakarta history can be traced back to pre-Indonesian period, when the city was still called Jayakarta, and ruled by a native king. The coming of the Dutch under the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 16th century resulted in gradual colonization of the city by the Dutch, under whom Jayakarta was then renamed Batavia. When the Republic of Indonesia declared its independence from the Netherlands in 1945, Batavia, which had been renamed Jakarta, has become the capital city of Indonesia.

Language and Ethnic Group

Like the rest of Indonesia, the people of Jakarta speak the official language Bahasa Indonesia. However, Bahasa Indonesia in this city is heavily influenced by the dialect of Jakarta’s previously dominant ethnic group, Betawi. With rapid urbanization process in the city, the Betawi people have been pushed to Jakarta’s suburban areas. Current population of Jakarta consists of various ethnic groups from different parts of Indonesia, including Chinese, Arab and Indian descents in commercial areas.

Custom and Dress Code

Jakarta’s business people introduce themselves with a handshake. A bow of head is appreciated, especially if one is introduced to somebody who is either older or more senior in position. Kissing and hugging in public places are usually frowned upon. Indonesian traditional dress for women is Kebaya or baju kurung. They use these dresses both for official and unofficial events. The men use batik for unofficial events, but usually they use suite for official one.

Weather

Located in the tropical zone, Jakarta’s climate is hot and humid. The average temperatures range from 26Celcius at night and early morning to up to 30Celcius at noon. April to October is usually dry season in Jakarta, while November to March is wet season. However, even during dry season, one can expect occasional rains.

Currency

Like other parts of Indonesia, Jakarta uses Rupiah as the means of transactions. Foreign currency such as the US dollar, Singapore Dollar, Yen and German Mark are accepted in some star-rated hotels and international events. For daily transactions with Indonesian partners, foreign currency exchange agents are widely available both inside and outside hotels.

Electricity

Jakarta’s power supply is provided by state-owned power company, ‘PT Perusahaan Listrik Negara’ (PLN). Jakarta’s standard voltage is 220V with frequency of 50 Hz. Normal outlets are plugs with two rounded prongs. Jakarta has no universal outlet shape. Thus, if you travel to Jakarta, you have to bring a selection of “C” type, “E” type, and “F” type converters.

Water Supply

Jakarta receives its water supply from joint-venture companies, PAM Jaya, PALYJA. PAM Jaya is a joint venture company between government-owned Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum (PDAM) and England-based Thames Water, while PALYJA is a joint-venture company between PDAM and France-based Lyonnaise des Eaux. Water supply in Jakarta is not yet safe for drinking. Travelers are advised to consume bottled mineral water.

Publication

English daily: The Jakarta Post, The Indonesian Observer; Chinese daily: Harian Indonesia; some Indonesian dailies Kompas, Suara Pembaruan, Media Indonesia and Bisnis Indonesia.